BEV (Battery Electic Vehicle)

The abbreviation BEV stands for pure electric vehicle. This vehicle is powered by an electric motor and uses a battery as its energy source, the capacity of which determines most of its range.

The abbreviation BEV is derived from the English words Battery Electric Vehicle. Similar to HEV and P-HEV, BEV can also be considered a type of electric vehicle (EV).

  BEV drive example

A vehicle labeled as BEV uses an electric motor powered exclusively by a battery for propulsion. BEV does not have an internal combustion engine or any other means to generate electrical energy, such as through fuel cells. The maximum range is determined by the battery size, its charge status, operational conditions, and the specific vehicle model. Typically, it ranges from around 300 to 500 km. When the battery is depleted, the vehicle stops moving, requiring a recharge!

Examples of BEV vehicles: Tesla Model 3 and Model S, Renault Zoe, BMW i3 (without Range Extender), FIAT 500e, or Nissan Leaf.

Emissions of Electric Vehicles

Electric cars are often misleadingly quoted as having zero CO2 emissions. A more accurate definition would be an electric vehicle has zero tailpipe emissions. In other words, nothing comes out of the specific electric vehicle’s exhaust. However, an electric vehicle consumes electrical energy, which must be produced first! The method of electricity production determines the resulting value of real emissions. The calculation of real emissions of electric vehicles uses the so-called energy mix of electricity production.

In the World, the energy mix composition in 2022 was as follows:

  • 30% renewable sources (solar, wind, hydro, …)
  • 61% fossil sources (brown coal, coal, natural gas, …)
  • 9,2% nuclear energy

You can find more specific values in graphs, and you can choose a specific country and year:

Sources for generating electricity:

Calculation of real emissions of sold electric vehicles:

On the provided government link, you can find information about real emissions of electric vehicles in the USA. Just choose the region, year, and select the specific model of the electric vehicle: emission calculation (e.g., 10001 New York)

 example of specific emission calculation for Tesla Model Y operated in New York

Did you know…

Photovoltaic System The I.D. BUZZ CARGO concept by the VW group features a solar module that, according to the manufacturer, can extend the range by up to 15 kilometers per day.

 I.D. BUZZ CARGO Concept I.D. BUZZ CARGO Concept